Quantity Words

posted on 12 Nov 2008 11:13 by

 

Quantity Words

  • 1. most ใช้กับคำนามพหูพจน์และนามนับไม่ได้ กริยาเป็นเอกพจน์หรือพหูพจน์ให้สังเกตจาก noun ที่มาข้างหลัง

Most

Most boys

Most of     the   boys

Most of     the   boys in that class                                are clever.

Most of them 

 

Most

Most money

Most of     the   money

Most of     the   money on the table                             is mine.

Most of it

 

ข้อสังเกต:- ถ้าคำนามมีวลีมาขยายต้องใช้ most of the จะใช้ most ไม่ได้

 

คำที่บอกจำนวนที่ใช้เหมือนกับ most ได้แก่

some of the

any of the       

none of the                                          1. plural noun             ------>         plural verb

all (of) the                         +                  

nearly all (of) the                                 2. uncountable noun      ------>             singular verb

almost all (of) the

ข้อสังเกต:-

  • 1. of ที่ตามหลัง all, almost all, nearly all ละได้
  • 2. "the" ที่นำหน้านามพหูพจน์ อาจใช้ these, those หรือ possessive adjective (my, your, our, his, her, their, its)
  • 3. "the" ที่นำหน้านามนับไม่ได้ อาจใช้ this, that หรือ possessive adj.
  • 4. "of" ที่ตามด้วย pronoun ละไม่ได้ เช่น most of them

2. all (pronoun) กริยาที่ใช้เป็นรูปเอกพจน์หรือพหูพจน์ได้ แล้วแต่ความหมาย

            All was destroyed in the big fire. (all = everything)

            All are here. (all = everyone)

กริยาที่ตามหลัง "all" ไม่ใช้เป็นรูปปฏิเสธ ถ้าจะใช้เป็นปฏิเสธให้ใช้ได้ดังต่อไปนี้

            2.1 no (adj)

                        No boys pass the exam.

                        No boy passes the exam.

                        There is no furniture in this room.

            2.2 none เป็น pronoun ของ no

                        None of the boys pass the exam.

                        None of the tea is good.

            2.3 not all (of) the

                        Not all (of) the boys pass the exam.

                        Not all (of) the tea is good.

3. One of the + plural noun + singular verb.

            One of the books 

            One of my books         is expensive.

            A book of mine

4. Two of the + plural noun + plural verb.

Two of the books are expensive.

5. Every (adj) ใช้กับนามเอกพจน์เท่านั้น

            Every boy comes late.

6. Each (adj, pron) มีความหมายเป็นเอกพจน์ ใช้กริยาเอกพจน์

Each                                                            

Each boy

Each of the boys             comes late.

Each of them

ข้อสังเกต:-

  • 1. Every one of the boys comes late.

 

  • 2. Every boy and girl

              Each boy and girl              comes late.

7. both, neither, either ใช้ในกรณีที่มีเพียงแค่ 2

            7.1 both = ทั้งสอง ใช้ในประโยคบอกเล่า กริยาต้องเป็นพหูพจน์

                        Both

                        Both boys                                pass the exam.

                        Both (of) the boys

                        Both of them

            7.2 neither = ไม่ทั้งสอง เป็นปฏิเสธของ both กริยาเป็นเอกพจน์

                        Neither

                        Neither boy                              passes the exam.

                        Neither of the boys

                        Neither of them

            7.3 either ให้เลือกจาก 1 ใน 2 กริยาต้องเป็นเอกพจน์

                        Either

                        Either boy                                passes the exam.

                        Either of the boys

                        Either of them

                        A : "Which of the two books do you like?"

                        B : "Both"

                              "Neither"

                               "I don't like, either."

8. few, a few, little, a little

    few, a few ใช้กับนามพหูพจน์

    little, a little ใช้กับนามนับไม่ได้

            Plural nouns                                                              Uncountable nouns

a few = some (+)                                                              a little = some (+)

few                                                                                   little

very few        = not many(-)                                            very little         = not much(-)

only a few = some but not many (-)                                only a little = some but not much (-)

            I am very poor so I have few friends and little money.

การใช้ (A) few of the + plural noun + plural verb

            A few of the boys are talking in the class.

•(A)   little of the + uncountable noun + singular verb

Little of the food is delicious.

The little I have is not worth giving.

The few I have are not worth giving.

9. many, much, etc.

            many, much ใช้ในประโยคปฏิเสธ , คำถาม

            many + plural noun

            much + uncountable noun

                        How many students are there in this class?

                        There isn't much traffic in this town.

            many, much ใช้ในประโยคบอกเล่าได้

            1.ตามหลัง so, as, too

            There are so many books that I can't read them all.

            2.ใช้เป็น pronoun

            Many

            Many of the flowers                            are beautiful.

            Many of them

 

            Much

            Much of the sugar                               is in the bottle.

            Much of it

ถ้าเป็นประโยคบอกเล่าใช้คำต่อไปนี้

            Plural nouns                                                    Uncountable nouns

A lot (of)                                                                      a lot (of)

Lots (of)                                                                      lots (of)

Plenty (of)                                                                   plenty (of)

A good many                                                               a good deal (of)

A great many                                                               a great deal (of)

A number (of)                                                              a large amount (of)

                                                                                    a large quantity (of)

A : How much money has he got?

B : He has got a lot of money.

     He has got a lot.

10. "Other" group

            1. one.........., the other........... ใช้ในกรณีที่มีเพียง 2

            I have two books. One is red. The other book

                                                            The other one                          is blue.

                                                            The other        

2.another ใช้ในความหมายเป็นเอกพจน์

We need                another chair.

                              another one.

                              another.

                                                           few or

                              another +             a number with a plural noun

I've got                  another four days holiday.

                              four more days.

There's room for another few boys in the back of the hall.

another + singular noun + of +                  more

                                                                  a number

This essay is too short. You must write another page or                two.

                                                                                                      more.

  • 3. Some.........., others...........

others ใช้อย่างไม่ชี้เฉพาะ มีความหมายเป็นพหูพจน์

Some boys like playing football, but    other boys                don't.

                                                          other ones

                                                          others

  • 4. The others ใช้ในความหมายเป็นพหูพจน์ และชี้เฉพาะ

                                                                                       the other cakes.

I don't like these cakes. Please give me                             the other ones.

                                                                                       the others.

Some of the boys are listening to the radio but the others aren't.

 

การใช้ other ในความหมายอื่นๆ

ใช้เป็น adverb.

  • 1. the other day = a few days ago.

He met one of his friends the other day.

  • 2. every other day = วันเว้นวัน

the doctor came to visit me every other day : Monday, Wednesday and Friday.

  • 3. some day or other = สักวันหนึ่งข้างหน้า

I hope to take a trip to the moon some day or other.

ใช้เป็น pronoun

  • 1. each other ใช้ในกรณีที่มีแค่ 2

              one another มีมากกว่า 2

The children should love               each other.

                                                    one another.

The two children love each other.

  • 2. One after the other 

              One after another              ทีละคน

The students are walking into the room one after the other.

She gave food to her cats one after another.

  • 3. One or other อันใดอันหนึ่ง คนใดคนหนึ่ง

The teacher will give the students one or other of these pens.

  • 4. One from the other

Mary and Jane are so alike that I can't distinguish one from the other.

  • 5. Some + sing n. + or other

การใช้ some แสดงว่าผู้พูดไม่เกี่ยวกับบุคคลหรือสิ่งนั้น

Or other เพิ่มเข้าไปเป็นการเน้นว่าผู้พูดไม่สนใจ

I saw some boy or other waiting for you at the door.

 

edit @ 12 Nov 2008 11:51:17 by Ajarn Thanchanok "english grammar"

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